Round 1, Flight A

THBT politicians should be permitted to designate a limited number of specific campaign promises that will automatically become law if they are elected.

THBT women are superior to men as political leaders.

THBT political contributions and campaign spending should not be tax deductible.

Round 1, Flight B

THBT a system of government funded election campaigns is superior to a system of privately funded election campaigns. 

THW apportion legislative seats of socio-economic status rather than by geography.

THBT political parties are obsolete.

Round 2, Flight A

THBT jury trials are obsolete.

THBT a nation's high court should consider public opinion as a factor in their judicial decisions.

THW require all criminal defendants to use publicly provided counsel and ban the use of privately hired defense lawyers.

Round 2, Flight B

THBT incarceration prior to trial violates the presumption of innocence and should therefore be banned.

THW prosecute medical tourism by citizens of developed countries, that is, travel to foreign countries for medical treatment that is less expensive or unavailable in one's own country.

THBT a nation's a high court should be aware of and be willing to apply principles from foreign laws and legal systems.

Round 3, Flight A

THW ban modifications to the human genome.

THBT the potential emergence of machine intelligence is one of the greatest threats facing mankind.

THBT economic growth is the solution to the problem of global climate change.

Round 3, Flight B

THBT over-regulation is the greatest threat to long-term prosperity.

THBT patents are obsolete.

THW ban "killer robots", that is, weapons designed to make autonomous decisions whether to take human life.

Round 4, Flight A

THBT the West should reject the Iran nuclear agreement.

THBT economic sanctions are ineffective.

THBT the US is primarily responsible for the problems in the Middle East.

Round 4, Flight B

THW actively cooperate with Iran to solve conflicts in the Middle East.

THBT Iran should reject the Iran nuclear agreement.

THBT the US is the only country that can solve the problems in the Middle East.

Round 5, Flight A

THBT developing countries should subsidize daughters but not sons.

THW send only women and/or gay diplomats to countries that discriminate against women or gays.

THBT countries should require minimum quotas for foreign and/or domestic content in media (e.g. television, film, radio, newspapers, etc.)

Round 5, Flight B

THW mandate equal prime-time coverage of men's and women's sporting events.

THBT the government should not be involved in marriage in any way, i.e., treat everyone as individuals regardless of their domestic arrangements.

THBT important characters in film and television should be portrayed by actors of the same race, ethnicity, and gender preference.

Partial Double OCtofinals

THW require companies to provide benefits to all part-time and contract workers.

THBT anyone can succeed through hard work, regardless of background.

THW limit the maximum compensation any company could pay relative to that of its median salary.

Octofinals, Flight A

THBT corporations should be held responsible for the labor and safety practices of their suppliers.

THW privatize all major infrastructure such as roads, railways, airports, harbors, utilities, etc.

THW support gender quotas for management and executive positions in corporations.

Octofinals, Flight B

THW not permit foreign state-owned enterprises from buying control in private corporations.

THW permit corporations to discriminate on the basis of lifestyle factors like smoking or obesity when hiring.

THW require corporations to spend a minimum portion of their revenue on socially beneficial activities.


THW immediately return illegal economic migrants to their country of origin.

THBT assimilation is preferable to multiculturalism.

THBT the current wave of immigration is a net benefit for Western Europe.


THBT religion has a place in public education.

THBT elected officials should not be required to act against their conscience, even if the law requires them to do so.

THBT employers should not be required to accommodate employees' religious practices.


THBT government collection and storage of personal data including communications does not violate civil rights.

THBT the US should maintain control of the internet for the foreseeable future.

THW prohibit public shaming on the internet.


Round 1, Flight A
THW ban private schools.
THW assign students to schools on a random basis.
THBT standardized testing has had a negative effect on education.

Round 1, Flight B
THBT parents who are able to should still not choose to send their children to private
THBT teachers should be evaluated based on the academic performance of their
THBT gifted and talented programs should be directed to schools in poor
communities if educational resources are limited.

Round 2, Flight A
THW permit the free movement of workers among countries.
THW not permit doctors to emigrate from poor countries.
THW reject “birth right citizenship” (that any child is automatically a citizen of the
country in which they are born).

Round 2, Flight B
THW permit the free movement of people among countries.
THW require STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) students from
poor countries to return home after graduation.
THW require all immigrants to assimilate to the language and culture of their new

Round 3, Flight A
THW guarantee a minimum income to all citizens
THW implement a 100% estate tax.
THW require all welfare recipients to work.

Round 3, Flight B
THW limit total compensation paid to any employee by any corporation.
THW give more votes to the poor.
THW prioritize poverty reduction over environmental protection.

Round 4, Flight A
THW eliminate affirmative action.
THW deny non-profit status to churches that practice gender discrimination.
THW pay a living wage to stay-at-home parents.

Round 4, Flight B
THW require elected legislative bodies to meet gender and ethnic quotas.
THBT an unequal outcome with respect to gender or ethnic group is evidence of
illegal discrimination.
THW apply a lower rate of income tax to women than to men.

Round 5, Flight A
THW allow convicted felons to vote.
THW permit police to arbitrarily stop and frisk individuals in high crime areas.
THW permit vice and tax it.

Round 5, Flight B
THBT only violent crimes should result in prison sentences.
THW forbid employers from inquiring about the criminal record of potential or actual
THW decriminalize the possession of drugs.

Partial Octos, Flight A
THW criminalize smoking or alcohol consumption while pregnant.
THW permit payments for organ donations.
THW not permit the rich to pay for medical care for themselves that is not generally
available to everyone.

Partial Octos, Flight B
THW deny religious exceptions to vaccinations or medical care.
THW limit the amount of health care provided to the elderly.
THW ban tobacco exports to poor countries.

THBT rich countries should compensate poor countries for the impact of global
THBT rich countries should not be permitted to pay agricultural subsidies to their
THBT countries should require imports be manufactured under the same labor and
safety standards that they maintain domestically.

THW place surveillance cameras in most public spaces.
THBT individuals have a right to be anonymous.
THW permit schools to discipline students for their internet and phone activity.

THBT the US should treat countries who actively discriminate against women in the
same manner that it treats countries who participate in apartheid.
THW ban all media (such as music, films and video games) which glorify misogyny.
THW establish exclusive schools for the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender,